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Country of Origin: Germany

Group: Spitz and Primitive types

Section: European Spitz

Original Function: companion

Todays Function: companion

Dimension Male: 18-30 cm

Dimension Female: 18-30 cm

Weight Male: 1-3 kg

Weight Female: 1-3 kg

Litter Size: 1-2 puppies, often require Cesarean sections

Life span: 12-16 years

Other Names: Zwergspitz, Dwarf Spitz, Loulou, Pom

Colors: All patterns and colors are acceptable, including black and tan, brindle, parti-color, and solid col

Living: Pomeranians are perfectly suited to indoor living, and will even do quite well in an apartment. they



The Pomeranian is a tiny, fluffy dog with a wedge-shaped head and pointed erect ears. Some have faces that breeders liken to a fox; others have baby-doll or "pansy" faces. All have bright, dark, almond-shaped eyes with an intelligent expression. The nose is either dark or the color of its coat. The teeth should meet in a scissors bite. Poms also boast a distinctive feathered tail that fans forward over the back. There is an abundant ruff around the neck and chest area. The profuse stand-off double coat usually comes in solid colors. Any solid color is allowed, but the most common are red, orange, white or cream, blue, brown or black. Sometimes the coat is parti-colored (white with colored markings), black & tan, wolf or orange sable.


Bouncy, bold and busy, the Pomeranian makes the most of every day. It is curious, playful, self-confident (even cocky) and attentive, ever ready for a game or adventure. It is reserved toward strangers. Some can be aggressive toward other dogs. Some bark a lot.


The Pomeranian is active but diminutive, needing daily exercise but able to meet its needs with indoor games or short walks. Although it has a warm coat, it is too small and too family-oriented to live as an outdoor dog. Its double coat needs brushing twice weekly, more when shedding.


The Pomeranian"s very long, double coat should be brushed frequently. If you work from the head, parting the coat and brushing it forward, it will fall neatly back in place, so the task, although time-consuming, is relatively easy. The cottony undercoat i


Major concerns: patellar luxation

Minor concerns: open fontanel, hypoglycemia, shoulder luxation, PRA, entropion

Occasionally seen: tracheal collapse, PDA

Suggested tests: knee, eye, (cardiac)